Sociology & Social Work
Good health depends on multiple factors, including ﬁnancial status. Higher socioeconomic status correlates with a lower risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. Lukachko, Hatzenbuehler, and Keyes (2014) stated that the advantages of income status make a diﬀerence with health, speciﬁcally heart disease. Another signiﬁcant factor aﬀecting heart disease is health care disparity. Kahng (2010) found that the accumulative impact of health care disparities experienced over a lifetime contributes to chronic stress and heart-related problems.
Despite advancement in care, more African Americans, compared with other racial groups, die from cardiovascular disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). Several risk factors are directly related to heart disease. Cardiovascular disease includes diseases of the heart and blood vessels, stroke, coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and congestive heart failure. Atherosclerosis, hypertension, and congenital heart defects are other forms of cardiovascular disease (American Heart Association [AHA], 2016). Savitz (2012) cited disparities in cardiovascular health care as one of the most crucial public health problems in the United States.
Guy-Walls, P. & Long, J. (2017) Heart Disease and African Americans. Health & Social Work, 42(4), 247-250.