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This study surveyed 359 online undergraduate and graduate students regarding their information-seeking self-efficacy, online learning self-efficacy, and performance proficiency. A mediation model was conducted to examine the direct effect of students' online learning self-efficacy on their performance proficiency and the mediation effect of information-seeking self-efficacy. Multivariate correlational analysis showed that all three variables significantly correlated. Of the three variables, online learning self-efficacy has the strongest correlation to performance proficiency, while the variable with the least amount of correlation is between online-learning and information-seeking efficacies. Moreover, a significant regression equation showed that students' average performance proficiency increased by 0.359 for each point of online learning self-efficacy and 0.323 for each point of information-seeking self-efficacy. Furthermore, mediation analysis revealed that information-seeking self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between online learning self-efficacy and performance proficiency. In conclusion, information-seeking self-efficacy is a partial mediator and plays a buffering role between online learning self-efficacy and performance proficiency.



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